Monkeypox Global Health Emergency Status

Monkeypox Global Health Emergency Status

 Monkeypox has now been declared a global health emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO). The changing status of this disease should be watched out for by the entire world community, including Indonesia. Monkeypox is actually not a new disease. This disease has been known since 1970. Initially, the disease caused by monkeypox virus infection was transmitted from animals, such as monkeys, squirrels, mice, and dogs, to humans. Transmission occurs through bites, scratches, or direct contact with body fluids or blood of infected animals. 

This disease can be transmitted between humans if splashes of saliva from monkeypox sufferers get into the eyes, nose, mouth, or skin wounds of others. In addition, pregnant women can also transmit this virus to the fetus through the placental bloodstream. The WHO's decision to declare a global health emergency for monkeypox is based on a number of reasons. Since the discovery of the case a few months ago, the disease has spread rapidly to other countries. In fact, it has entered a country that has no previous history of monkeypox. WHO is also considering the health risks that could develop due to the spread of this virus. If not treated properly, monkeypox can cause various complications, such as eye infections, vision loss, pneumonia, inflammation of the brain, to sepsis.

 In addition, monkeypox virus infection in pregnant women is known to cause premature labor, miscarriage, and fetal death in the womb. By the time the decision was made, there had been 16,000 cases of monkeypox and 5 deaths reported from 75 countries, including Nigeria, Australia, Canada, the United States, Singapore and several countries in Europe. With the increasing status of monkeypox disease, all countries are expected to make a response to control the spread of this disease. Before the status of a global health emergency, monkeypox was included as an endemic disease, which is a disease that always exists in an area. Even now, monkeypox has not been declared a pandemic because the number of cases worldwide is still relatively small.

Monkeypox Prevention Steps

When infected with monkeypox, a person can experience certain symptoms, namely high fever, chills, severe headache, muscle aches, weakness, swollen lymph glands, followed by a rash on the skin. The rash will develop from redness, small red painful bumps, water-filled lumps to pus, then will burst, dry up, and subside after 2-4 weeks. Since the issuance of the global health emergency decree on monkeypox, there have been no reported cases of infection with this virus in Indonesia. However, don't let your guard down, okay? You see, there are already neighboring countries that have reported this case. Well, so that we are all protected from infection with the virus that causes monkeypox, here are things that can be done:

• Avoid traveling to areas or countries with a high number of monkeypox cases.

 • Avoid contact with animals that can spread the monkeypox virus, especially if the animal is sick or is suspected of being infected with monkeypox. 

• Cook thoroughly all the food you want to eat, especially meat.

 • Maintain good personal and environmental hygiene, including implementing the habit of routine hand washing with soap and running water or hand sanitizer. 

• Practice safe sex, for example by using condoms and not having multiple partners.

By doing the ways to prevent monkeypox above, you are also helping to reduce the possibility of transmission to children, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems who are at high risk of being infected with this disease. If you experience complaints that point to monkeypox symptoms, such as acne-like blisters on the skin, fever, headache, and muscle aches, especially if you have just traveled to a country with high cases of monkeypox, immediately consult a doctor so that the cause can be ascertained and given proper treatment.

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