Green light: stop selling new petrol and diesel cars by 2035

Green light: stop selling new petrol and diesel cars by 2035

 The council of environment ministers of the European Union countries reached an agreement, at night , on a maximum measure on climate that provides, among other things, a 100% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2035 for new cars and vans. This means the green light to stop selling new petrol and diesel cars by 2035. In particular, the Council "adopted its negotiating position" or "general guidelines - read a statement issued by the presidency of the French EU Council - on important legislative proposals in the Fit for 55 package". 

Presented by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, the package will enable the EU to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. In particular, Member States "have adopted the same position" on the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS); sharing of efforts among Member States in the non-ETS (ESR) sector, land use emissions and removals; land use change and forestry (LULUCF); the establishment of a social climate fund (SCF) and, in fact, a new standard of CO2 emission performance for cars and vans. 

The convergence on this last point is not to be taken for granted. In particular, the Council agreed to increase the CO2 emission reduction target for new cars and vans by 2030 to 55% for cars and 50% for vans. It also introduces the goal of reducing CO2 emissions by 100% by 2035 for new cars and vans. "The review of the implementation of infrastructure for alternative fuels (AFIR) will ensure that drivers can refill their vehicles in member countries," the statement said. By 2026, the Commission will assess the progress made towards achieving the 100% emission reduction target and the need to review this goal "taking into account technological developments, including those related to plug-in hybrid technologies and the importance of a socially viable and equitable transition to zero emissions".

 The Council then agreed to end the regulatory incentive mechanism for zero and low emission vehicles (ZLEVs) starting in 2030. Now that the Council has approved its position on the proposal, negotiations with the European Parliament can begin to reach agreement on the final legislative text.
On June 8, a plenary session of the European Parliament approved the European Commission's proposal in Strasbourg to require the placement of new zero-emission cars and vans on the EU market by 2035, essentially deciding to phase out internal combustion vehicles. 

The amendments endorsed by the EPP, which provided for CO2 emission reductions of 90% instead of 100%, were not approved. Hemicycle's fine for the European Parliament negotiating position on CO2 emission standards came in with 339 votes in favor, 249 against and 24 abstentions. Italy, Bulgaria, Portugal, Romania and Slovakia presented a document last week on June 23 proposing to delay the gradual cessation of combustion engines from 2035 to 2040 and reduce CO2 emissions by 90% (instead of 100% as proposed by the European Commission and Parliament Europe) by 2035. 

The document was circulated precisely in the context of the European Union Environment Council meeting which was held yesterday. According to what has been learned, Italy has joined the initiative with the specific aim of getting changes to the text being tested on commercial vehicles, biofuels and special production.

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