|Putin's declaration of war|
Russian President Vladimir Putin may officially declare war on Ukraine on May 9, according to media reports and some Western officials. However, what is the meaning of an official declaration of war and what does mass mobilization look like? So far the Russian government has insisted that it is carrying out "special military operations" in Ukraine.
The use of the words "war" and "invasion" to refer to military action in Ukraine is practically prohibited. 'Declaration of war possible on Victory Day' Amid speculation about a change of terms, UK Defense Secretary Ben Wallace told LBC Radio: "I think he will change from the position of... 'special operations'... He has set it up, laid the groundwork to be able to say, 'Look, this is now is the war against the Nazis... I need more Russian soldiers'...". "I wouldn't be surprised... if he might have declared it on Victory Day that, 'We are now at war with the Nazi world.'" State Department spokesman Ned Price this week said it would be a grave irony if Moscow used a "Victory Day" event to declare war - which would allow it to deploy conscription which at this stage is not possible.
CNN cited sources as saying Putin might use Victory Day as an opportunity to state his achievements in Ukraine or declare an escalation of military action, or both. However, it is reported that the most likely scenario is a declaration of war. It said a formal declaration of war could boost public support for military action in Ukraine and also allow the government to declare the mobilization of troops that Russia desperately needs at this time. Kremlin: It makes no sense Responding to reports of a possible announcement, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Wednesday (4/5/2022), "Not true. It makes no sense".
On February 20, three days before the so-called special military operations began, Peskov said reports of a planned invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops were a provocation and intended to incite hysteria. "Remember throughout its history, Russia has never attacked anyone. And Russia, which has gone through so many wars, is even the last country in Europe to speak the word 'war'," he said. Pope Francis said Hungarian Prime Minister Victor Orban informed him at a meeting on April 21 that the Russian Government planned to end military action on May 9.
In early March, Putin said there was no place to impose laws of war or other emergency laws because such measures would only be carried out in the event of an outside invasion. Martial law can also be imposed after Russia declares war. This procedure is not specified in the law, but there are a number of circumstances that prompt a declaration of war. War will basically involve the enactment of the law of the state of war, although from a legal perspective it is different. "State of war" refers to transnational relations" while "state of war law" refers to the legal system within a country.
The concept of a declaration of war is covered by international law. In the convention on initiating military action, agreed at The Hague in 1907, it was stated that military action should not be carried out without prior warning and unambiguous. The warning was conveyed by stating the motive for war or an ultimatum to the threat of war. After that, a country turned to a state of war. The umbrella of martial law in Russia is regulated in a number of legal products - martial law, defense, mobilization, military duty and conscription.
The regulations cover almost all aspects of the state- public life, authorities, economy, business, mass media, political control and others.
The president and government are given more executive power. Political parties can be banned, gatherings banned and censorship imposed. The movement of citizens is restricted, including a ban on going abroad or moving houses. A curfew can be imposed, residents' property can be confiscated at any time for military purposes. Under martial law, the government can declare mobilization.
It could be in full or not, and it might only be applied in some areas and not cover all of it. Mobilization does not automatically occur if martial law is enacted. Martial law can be imposed without or with mobilization. Mobilization does not only apply to citizens who are asked to join the military. Mobilization also applies to government, industry and the entire economy. But most importantly, it was the armed forces that added to its reserves. This reserve is made up of citizens and deployed resources. Reserve squad The first group most prepared for mobilization are the reservists who signed a special contract with the state.
The second group consists of other reservists who have carried out their national military service. Some of those called in for mobilization can be assured that they will not lose their jobs. This guarantee is intended to keep factories and government organs operating. Declare war and mobilization can address at least two problems, which many experts say Russia is having a hard time solving. The shortage of personnel in the war and the refusal of the army to go and fight on the battlefields of Ukraine. At the moment, observers say Russia's attack on Ukraine is progressing rather slowly. An unnamed US defense official said Russian troops had made little progress in eastern Ukrainian cities, such as Izum and Popasna, but that progress was "slow and uneven".
The Pentagon also said Russian troops were clearly risk-averse and were trying to prevent casualties among its soldiers both in the air and on the ground.
British and US officials say Russia is deploying nearly two-thirds of its ground fighting force to Ukraine. Indirect signs that the Russian military needs more personnel can be seen in the Russian Defense Ministry's efforts to recruit contract soldiers since early March, using civilian job search sites Headhunter and SuperJob. On social media, there is a lot of talk about the possibility of implementing emergency law and mobilization.
Many military experts and bloggers support the move. One of the most ardent supporters is Igor Strelkov (real name Ghirkin), known for his active role in the war in the Donbass in 2014. Those who support the mobilization believe Russia will not win the war against Ukraine if it does not increase the number of its troops many times over. Martial law could have serious repercussions on the Russian economy.
There is a separate article on organization in the law governing martial law. For example, companies are required to provide their facilities for defense purposes. The government is required to pay the price of the property. Under the law, citizens can be put to work to supply the military. Article 8 of the Law on martial law allows the implementation of almost all measures that can have an impact on economic activity. If war were officially declared more and more aspects of life in Russia could change.