Source: Agency

Women of the World : Equality today for a sustainable future.

| 8.3.22 |

International Women's Day

 If the previous year in 2021 the International Women's Day commemoration carried the theme Choose to Challenge as a call to express gender bias and inequality. This year's theme, quoting from the UN Women's page, the United Nations announced the theme of International Women's Day for 2022, is Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow. . The struggle for gender equality is of course not only a call and a responsibility for women, but it is clearly an invitation for women and men to act and act for the sake of accelerating the achievement of gender equality in the contribution of women in the social, economic, cultural and social fields. political. The first International Women's Day was initiated by Clara Zetkin, an activist and women's rights defender from the German Social Democratic Party. Zetkin initiated International Women's Day which is celebrated globally in all countries in the world. Clara Zetkin's idea finally materialized and was originally commemorated for the first time in Austria, Denmark, This Memorial was celebrated and honored for the first time in Germany, Austria, Denmark and Switzerland, on March 19, 1911. At that time more than one million people, both women and men, together staged a demonstration in commemoration of the first International Women's Day by demanding women's rights to work, have the right to vote, hold political office, and stop discrimination. After being accepted in many countries, during World War I, namely in 1913-1914, it was agreed that International Women's Day was celebrated every year on March 8th. 

International Women's Day was finally officially recognized by the United Nations (UN) in 1975, where the United Nations General Assembly decided to commemorate International Women's Day every year in accordance with the history and national traditions of member countries. The long journey of commemorating International Women's Day to raise global awareness to this day, although it has brought many changes in awareness of gender equality rights for women, but to this day stereotyped biases and discrimination are still common.

This is reflected in the gender equality index released by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Indonesia is ranked 101 out of 156 countries, or the seventh lowest in ASEAN. The Philippines is the best ASEAN country in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI) in 2021 with a score of 0.784. The index itself has the highest scale of 1, which indicates the achievement of gender equality. Next are Laos, Singapore, Timor Leste, Thailand and Vietnam. Meanwhile, Indonesia was ranked seventh in the region with a score of 0.688. This figure is not much different from Cambodia (0.684) and Myanmar (0.681). 

This shows the reality on the ground that currently women are still lagging behind men. Both in the fields of education, health, economy, to representation in politics. Although we must also admit that, so far there has been a big improvement in terms of raising gender equality as the main issue, gender mainstreaming with spaces of expression and appreciation for women has been opened and opened wide, it's just that there are still obstacles, both good and bad. culturally, patriarchy and social construction in society, including in this case policies, programs and development activities that have not fully paid attention to and touched the differences in needs, views, and other conditions in society. Whether it is natural or the result of existing social constructions.

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