Abolition of Slavery in the United States

Abolition of Slavery in the United States

 


For more than two centuries, the practice of slavery in America was carried out legally. Even up to the United States Proclamation of Independence in 1776, slavery still existed in some states. Over time, a movement emerged that supported the abolition of slavery or called abolitionism. Starting from this movement, slavery in America was finally officially abolished after the passage of the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. One of the figures who contributed greatly to the abolition of slavery in the United States was Abraham Lincoln. 

Long before being elected as the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln often voiced his stance against the practice of slavery. In the 1830s, several states of the United States were still consistent in maintaining slavery. In southern states, for example, the already limited rights of black slaves were increasingly restricted. Abraham Lincoln, who began his career as a lawyer, later ran for the People's Representative Council. At the end of 1847, Lincoln began to carry out his duties as a representative of the people by following the congress. At that time, the congress participants were divided into two camps, namely the camp that supported slavery and the camp against slavery. At the congress, Lincoln had to face Stephen A Douglas, the representative of the southern states who supported slavery. 

The fight between the two ended when Lincoln lost at the time of the Senate election, because most of the northern population still supported slavery. Nevertheless, Lincoln did not stop to speak in public and disprove Douglas's statement of proposing slavery laws. Public attention began to be aroused in 1856, when the High Court ruled that black people should not be considered as human beings.

In the years that followed, Lincoln's voice was heard more and more and his supporters grew. In the 1860 presidential election, Lincoln was nominated for president, competing with his Democratic opponent. Lincoln eventually won by unanimous vote, but he was faced with a country that had been torn apart by differing views on slavery. This is what then made the states in the southern region want to be independent until the Civil War broke out. At the same time, Abraham Lincoln began discussing the Emancipation Proclamation with members of his cabinet. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation which contained an order to abolish the practice of slavery throughout the United States was published on January 1, 1863. 

After that, Lincoln included the 13th article in the United States Constitution which contained the equality of rights and obligations for all the people of the United States. Although this proclamation has not completely freed the slaves, the slaves began to dare to flee to the Union (a state that rejects slavery). Before the Civil War ended, the United States Congress proposed the 13th Amendment to the Constitution. These amendments were then sent across the states for ratification and within a short time the 13th Amendment was approved. On June 22, 1865, the Civil War finally ended and slavery was abolished from all of the United States.



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